Ratification Status: Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights

Ratification Status of the Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights

The African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights established by the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the Court of Justice of the African Union established by the Constitutive Act of the African Union, were merged into a single Court and established as “The African Court of Justice and Human Rights” by the Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights.

The Protocol was adopted at the AU Summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, on 1 July 2008.

The Protocol and the Statute annexed to it shall enter into force thirty (30) days after the deposit of the instruments of ratification by fifteen (15) the Member States. Only five (5) States, namely Libya, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin and Congo has ratified the protocol by February 2014.

List of countries which have signed, ratified/acceded to the Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights:

No COUNTRY SIGNATURE RATIFICATION DEPOSITED
1 Algeria 31/01/2009
2 Angola 27/01/2012
3 Benin 14/01/2009 28/06/2012
4 Botswana
5 Burkina Faso 21/01/2009 23/06/2010 04/08/2010
6 Burundi
7 Cameroon
8 Central African Rep.
9 Cape Verde
10 Chad 22/01/2009
11 Côte d’Ivoire 11/06/2009
12 Comoros
13 Congo 28/06/2009 14/12/2011 06/08/2012
14 Djibouti
15 Democratic Rep. of Congo 02/02/2010
16 Egypt
17 Equatorial Guinea
18 Eritrea
19 Ethiopia
20 Gabon 19/12/2008
21 Gambia 02/02/2009
22 Ghana 28/06/2009
23 Guinea-Bissau 27/01/2012
24 Guinea 26/11/2008
25 Kenya
26 Libya 14/05/2009 06/05/2009 17/06/2009
27 Lesotho 14/06/2011
28 Liberia 31/05/2011
29 Madagascar 31/01/2014
30 Mali 24/12/2008 13/08/2009 27/08/2009
31 Malawi
32 Mozambique 08/11/2011
33 Mauritania
34 Mauritius
35 Namibia
36 Nigeria 22/12/2008
37 Niger 28/01/2009
38 Rwanda
39 South Africa
40 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 25/07/2010
41 Senegal 15/12/2008
42 Seychelles
43 Sierra Leone 14/01/2009
44 Somalia
45 Sao Tome & Principe 01/02/2010
46 Sudan
47 South Sudan 24/01/2013
48 Swaziland
49 Tanzania 05/01/2009
50 Togo 12/02/2009
51 Tunisia 15/07/2012
52 Uganda
53 Zambia 31/01/2010
54 Zimbabwe

# of Countries = 54 | # of Signature = 30 | # of Ratification = 5 | # of Deposit = 5

Source: African Union – 03/02/2014

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